by Rabbi Ken Spiro
Herzl launched the political framework for the modern State of Israel.
The re-birth of Israel is an unprecedented phenomenon in human history.
Hitler implemented his goal to eliminate all Jews from the planet.
Even in such civilized nations as France and the United States, anti-Semitism never died out.
Jews gained untold riches in America, at the cost of their heritage and spirituality.
Government-organized pogroms against the Jews deflected attention from the corrupt regime.
This area of Russia where Jews were most oppressed gave rise to amazing achievements.
The amazing story of Jewish influence on the founding fathers of American democracy.
Germans emphasized their loyalty to the "fatherland" in order to be accepted in mainstream society.
The Age of Reason gave Jews civil rights, but its emphasis on a Godless society was bound to backfire.
Initially a movement largely of the poor and uneducated, Hassidism emphasized spirituality in everyday life.
In the 16th century, the Israeli mountaintop town of Tzfat became the center of Jewish mysticism.
The Reformation exposed the corruption of the Church. For the Jews it meant more bad news.
King Boleslav of Poland invited the Jews, granting them unprecedented rights and privileges.
The Inquisition sought to expose Jews who converted to Christianity but were still secretly Jewish.
The Europeans didn't know what caused the bubonic plague, but had no trouble blaming the Jews.
Christian accusations leveled against the Jews were extreme and irrational.
The Crusaders came to liberate the Holy Land from the "infidels" - and woe to any Jew who stood in their way.
Spain was the Medieval golden land of opportunity for Jews.
The oldest and most stable of Jewish communities was spared the ravages of holy warriors.
Mohammed reacted with anger when Jews refused to recognize him as the last of the prophets.
Early Christianity attracted those unwilling to take on all of Judaism's precepts.
At a time of cruel oppression, splinter sects spring up in belief that the apocalypse is at hand.
In a time of chaos, the sages do the unprecedented and write down the Oral Law.
The Romans sought to extinguish Jewish presence in Jerusalem by renaming Israel to Palestine.
Despite the disastrous results of the Great Revolt, the Jews revolt yet again.
Two thousand years of Jewish history at a glance.
On the saddest day in the Jewish calendar, the 9th of Av, the Temple burns to the ground.
The Jewish nation fights to save its spiritual center.
In a seemingly suicidal move, the Jews take on the mighty Romans.
In a time when many things were going wrong for the Jews, the sages Hillel and Shammai defined what was going right.
A madman who murdered his own family and many rabbis, Herod was also the greatest builder in Jewish history.
Jewish tradition maintains the Romans were descendants of Esau, the bloodthirsty brother of Jacob.
The Jewish revolt against the Greeks sets a precedent as the world's first religious war.
Terror reigned -- women were killed with babies tied around their necks.
To the Greeks, what was beautiful was holy; to the Jews, what was holy was beautiful. These views were bound to clash.
Extraordinary sages define the essence of Judaism for the Jews of Israel and the Diaspora.
The Holy Temple is rebuilt, but is not the same with the Ark of the Covenant missing.
A feast celebrating God's abandonment of Israel puts into motion Haman's plot to annihilate the Jews.
The Babylonians think God has abandoned the Jews and celebrate. But they have a surprise coming.
The Kingdom of Judah lasts another of 134 years before it falls.
The Assyrians conquer northern Israel and vanquish the nation with exile.
The 10 northern tribes secede, splitting Israel in two.
King Solomon, the wisest of all men, built the Temple in Jerusalem and reigned over Israel's golden age.
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