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Yad Vashem

The Development of the "Final Solution"

Dr. David Silberklang provides an overview of what came to be known as the "Final Solution of the Jewish Question", which ended in the murder of some six million Jews.

The Einsatzgruppen and the Beginning of the Systematic Murder

The Einsatzgruppen were special action units known mainly for their role in the systematic murder of the Jews in the Nazi-occupied Soviet territories during the Holocaust.

Hope Keeps You Going: The Story of Marta Weiss

Marta was just ten years old when she arrived in Auschwitz-Birkenau. She and her sister Eva were sent to Dr. Mengele's experimental block and were experimented on with injections.

If We Survive This War: The Story Of Frieda Kliger

One woman's experiences in the Warsaw Ghetto, Majdanek, Auschwitz and Bergen Belsen, where she got married in the camp's first Jewish wedding.

A Child’s Shoe: The Story of Hinda Cohen

The fate of the two-year-old daughter of Dov and Tziprah Cohen from Lithuania is traced through a surviving artifact – her shoe.

Documentation of Atrocities: The Jewish Photographer Henryk Ross

Henryk Ross risked his life in order to show what the Nazis tried to hide.

The "Final Solution": Jewish Life on the Brink of Death

An overview of the Nazi genocide of Europe's Jews. Some six million Jews were murdered in the systematic mass murder of the Jews of Europe that was defined by the Germans as the "Final Solution" of what they termed the "Jewish Question." This video focuses on the stories of individual Jewish victims, allowing us to address the Final Solution through a human lens rather than through dry statistics, and to present a multidisciplinary approach to this difficult subject of the struggle for life in the shadow of death during one of humanity's darkest chapters. SPEAKERS: Dr. Robert Rozett is Director of the Yad Vashem Libraries, as well as an author, researcher and senior editor on Holocaust-related subjects. Shani Lourie is a staff member at the International School for Holocaust Studies, Yad Vashem. Shlomit Steiner is a staff member at the International School for Holocaust Studies, Yad Vashem. For additional information about Echoes and Reflections visit http://echoesandreflections.org

My Father's Holocaust Secret

When Holocaust survivor Aryeh Goldberg passed away, he left his son, Tzachi, his gold watch. On opening the box, Tzachi found an old black and white photo of two women hidden behind the watch.

They Gave Me Life: Rina Quint's Holocaust Story

Rina's family was murdered during the Holocaust. After a string of deaths of adoptive mothers, she was adopted by a Jewish couple who had no children.

The Oyneg Shabbes Archive Collections: The Wills of Israel Lichtenstein and Gele Sekstein

The vast archive buried under the Warsaw Ghetto included these two wills that describe their lives and lament the fate of Europe’s Jews.

Emanuel Ringelblum: The Oyneg Shabbes Underground Archive in the Warsaw Ghetto

The archive remains the largest collection of Jewish documentation detailing the fate of the Jews under Nazi rule.

Liberators and Survivors: The First Moments

The liberation of concentration camps by the US Army at the end of WWII.

All My Mothers: The Story of Yehudit Kleinman

Hidden and raised as a Christian in an convent, Yehudit had to make a fateful decision that would shape the course of her life.

Whose Child Are You?: The Story of Tswi Josef Herschel

Given to non-Jewish strangers by his parents when he was a baby, Tswi’s traumatic early years led him to fulfill the dreams of his murdered parents.

The Auschwitz Album: Visual Evidence of the Process Leading to the Mass Murder

The Auschwitz Album is the only surviving visual evidence of the process leading to the mass murder at Auschwitz-Birkenau.

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