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Did Anne Frank Have Privilege? Do You?

July 14, 2022 | by Rabbi Efrem Goldberg

For a Jew, privilege doesn’t mean access, opportunity, or favors. It means responsibility to set an example, to live elevated, meaningful lives.

This week, Anne Frank trended on Twitter, not because of her famous diary or because she was a victim of hate. Twitter users debated whether Anne Frank had "white privilege."

Yes, you read that right. Thousands of people were debating on social media if the 15-year-old Jewish girl who hid from brutal Nazis in an attic for two years and eventually was murdered at the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, enjoyed “privilege” because of the color of her skin.

To some people, privilege is a negative thing, something to be ashamed of and apologetic for but I don’t see it that way at all. Jews are in fact particularly privileged, but not in the way you may think.

Privilege is not a dirty word. To be clear, it is critical to be aware of whatever privileges one is blessed with, recognize and appreciate that others do not share that blessing, and incorporate that awareness and recognition while demonstrating care and compassion for others. Nevertheless, one needn’t apologize for privilege or be ashamed or feel guilty for having it.

Quite the contrary, privilege is, well, exactly that—a privilege. One should be grateful for, appreciative of, and most of all feel tremendously obligated by the privileges we have.

For some, privilege means receiving the benefit of the doubt, or the assumption of innocence. For others, privilege means having access, entrée, and opportunity. For yet others, privilege means the comfort of feeling safe, protected, and secure.

An Underprivileged People

By these definitions, in the context of history, and even now, Jews are among the most underprivileged people. We have been the target of libel, false accusations, and assumptions of guilt. These aren’t part of ancient history. A blood libel occurred in Massena, New York, in 1928.

In the context of history, and even now, Jews are among the most underprivileged people.

We have been denied access and opportunity. As recently as the 1970’s Jews and blacks were unabashedly denied entry into country clubs in South Florida, an area thought of today as “so Jewish.” Many had signs that said “No dogs, no colored, no Jews.” And it wasn’t that long ago that Jews were similarly denied or limited to enter universities and graduate schools. In 1935, a Yale dean instructed his admissions committee: “Never admit more than five Jews.” Harvard’s president wrote that too many Jewish students would “ruin the college.”

Safety and security? In 2021, Antisemitic incidents reached an all-time high, with a total of 2,717 incidents of assault, harassment and vandalism reported to ADL. There were more than seven incidents per day of Jews in America being attacked, a 34 percent increase year over year. Antisemitic incidents comprise a majority of reported hate crimes in New York City. According to 2019 FBI Data, Jews were 2.6 times more likely than blacks and 2.2 times more likely than Muslims to be victims of hate crimes.

Racism is an evil we must actively, categorically reject. At the same time, we should also be aware that antisemitism is on the rise globally.

The current attention to racism in America and the fight for racial justice is important. Racism is an evil we must actively, categorically reject. At the same time, we should also be aware, and make others aware, that antisemitism is on the rise globally and there remain entire nations and countless individuals who seek the extermination and elimination of the Jewish people.

Two years ago, what are widely considered A-list celebrities with large social media presences praised Louis Farrakhan, a vile, unapologetic anti-Semite. In 2018, Farrakhan warned his 335,000 followers on Twitter about “the Satanic Jew.” As recently as October, 2018 Farrakhan told his followers in a widely-attended and shared speech, “When they talk about Farrakhan, call me a hater, you know how they do – call me an anti-Semite. Stop it, I’m anti-termite!”

In many places around the world, including too many in the United States, a Jew feels the need to remove a yarmulke or outer Jewish symbols to feel safe. There is no privilege to protect him.

I share this all not to make the argument we are more underprivileged or victimized by prejudice than anyone else, but that even today, access and opportunity, assumption of innocence, and especially safety and security, are not privileges the Jewish people can so readily count on and enjoy.

Privilege Engenders Responsibility

So what do I mean that we are particularly privileged and should be proud of it?

Privilege is not only about the way you are thought of and treated by others, but about how you think of and behave yourself. Privilege is not how others treat you but how you treat others. It isn’t what others do to you, but what you do with what you have.

The Mishna teaches, God wanted to bestow merit upon the Jewish people therefore He bestowed a vast Torah with a plethora of mitzvot, commandments.

What does “merit” mean? Merit, zechut in Hebrew, literally means privilege. God wanted us to be privileged so He trusted us and charged us to live virtuous and righteous lives and to transform His world in His vision.

For a Jew, privilege doesn’t mean access, opportunity, or favors. It means responsibility, an awesome responsibility to set an example, to live elevated, meaningful lives, to repair the world in His image, to be of service to others. It means to rise above how we may be treated by others and to treat all with dignity, respect, and honor.

Being privileged should make Jews feel obligated and bound to live more ethically, act more sensitively, conduct themselves more honestly.

Jews have the privilege of studying Torah and being inspired by its timeless lessons. Jews were given the privilege of the instruction manual to life including the 613 mitzvot. Jews bear the privilege of being asked and expected to be at the forefront of fighting for justice, equality, fairness, and truth.

The status as a privileged people is not intended to make Jews feel superior.

Being privileged should make Jews feel obligated and bound to live more ethically, act more sensitively, conduct themselves more honestly, and proclaim their faith in the Almighty with pride and distinction, and never with shame or embarrassment.

Part of the responsibility that comes along with our privilege is to use whatever material privileges one has for the good. Despite the many challenges Jews have faced throughout the generations, most Jewish communities in the 21st century are blessed with the trappings of material and social privilege our ancestors would never dream of. Jews shouldn’t apologize for that; however, a Jew should never focuses on his own entitlement, but rather he should think how his resources can be better used to advance good in the world, including for the “underprivileged.”

Privilege is not a luxury, it’s a legacy. It isn’t a free pass, it is a weighty proposition. Privilege shouldn’t breed entitlement, it should demand exceptional behavior.

I’m proud of my Jewish privilege and I hope my children will be too.




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