Rosh Hashanah Cards from the Holocaust
A glimpse into some of the ways Jews before, during and immediately after the Holocaust marked the New Year.
"Shana Tova" (Happy New Year) card sent to Henia Pollock in Argentina, from her relatives in Końskie, Poland, 1939
Prewar, Poland, a Rosh Hashanah greetings postcard, written in Yiddish
A Rosh Hashanah card sent by Aharon and Sheindl Blumen in 1926 from Luboml, Poland. The card reads: “May you be inscribed for a good year. Next year in Jerusalem.” The couple perished during the Holocaust.
Postcard with greetings for the New Year that Miriam and Avraham-Simon Gorfinkel sent from Warsaw in the early 1930's to their son Schlomo and daughter-in-law Gitta who were living in Paris. "Your dear parents send to you and your wife, from deep in our hearts, wishes for a healthy and happy New Year, with prosperity and much joy."
Jacob Graiman and his wife from Lodz, Poland on a New Years card, September 26, 1936. The couple perished during the Holocaust.
Druja, Poland, Meir Levitanus (the submitter) and his sister Chaya Miriam Marla, 1941
Lodz, Poland, a Rosh Hashanah greeting card, 1941. After the ghetto was closed in May 1940, a systematic array of services was installed. Among them, a food supply department whose officials began to apportion the meager provisions, and public kitchens and distribution points for bread and other staples were set up. This card apparently reflects one of those distribution points: Bajs Lechem (which appears in the upper left corner) means "House of Bread"
A New Year’s card sent by Yisrael Berman and his wife from Szczecin, Poland in 1948. The Hebrew inscription reads: “May you be inscribed for a good year.” The Hebrew on the boat reads: “Israel”.
Pictured on this New Year’s card is the “illegal” immigration ship The Exodus 1947. The Exodus 1947 attempted to bring Jewish survivors to Palestine in 1947, only to be turned back to Europe by the British Mandate authorities and sent to Displaced Persons’ camps in Germany. The Exodus 1947 became an international symbol of the need for free Jewish immigration to Palestine. The refugees remained in the camps until 1948, when the State of Israel was established.
Lodz, Poland, a New Year greeting card, with the photo of the submitter's father's family.
A New Year’s Card sent from the Meor HaGolah (Light of the Exile) Yeshiva in Rome in 1948. Many of the students of the yeshiva were Holocaust survivors. Pictured on the card is Israel Milkow, a student in the yeshiva from Slonim, Poland. During the Holocaust Israel was in a Russian orphanage in Samarkand, Uzbekistan.
New Year greetings card, Cyprus, 1948. Sent by brothers David (right) and Yosef (left) Sinder.