Pidyon HaBen After Miscarriage

May 4, 2022 | by Rabbi Pinchas Waldman

I am a firstborn son, but my mother had a miscarriage before me. My family wasn’t aware of the mitzvah of redeeming the firstborn when I grew up. Should I have it done today?

The Aish Rabbi Replies

It’s commendable that you want to fulfill this mitzvah so many years later. The basic rule is that if the miscarried fetus already had the basic shape of a human being with limbs, then the child born after is exempt from redemption. This stage is certainly not reached in the first 40 days. If the stage of development of the fetus is unknown or can no longer be determined, then there should be a redemption without saying the blessings. (Sources: Shulchan Aruch Y.D. 305:23 with Pitchei Teshuva 29 and Nachalat Zvi, Yabia Omer VI Y.D. 26.)




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