Media Critique #37 - Newsweek-MSNBC Rewrites History.
A comparison of the lives of Sharon and Arafat packs a lot of bias into 100 words.
The complicated history of the Arab-Israeli conflict is difficult to transmit in a short newsbyte. Yet Newsweek-MSNBC recently attempted to encapsulate the personal histories of Yasir Arafat and Ariel Sharon in side-by-side chronologies.
The result is a lot of bias packed into 100 words.
Below is the full text of "A Tale of Two Enemies" which appeared in Newsweek (Dec. 17 edition) and on the MSNBC website - http://www.msnbc.com/news/669794.asp#BODY
Newsweek-MSNBC describes Arafat simply as a "revolutionary," a "civil engineer," and a trailblazing diplomat who was the first to be accorded special status at the United Nations.
Yet nowhere is Arafat described as a founder of a terrorist organization, nor is there any mention of his connection to terror acts. In truth, that is Arafat's greatest claim to fame. He invented modern terrorism, and trained and served as a model for dozens of other terrorist organizations. Arafat's Fatah and PLO were responsible for thousands of deaths, airplane hijackings, bombings, mass murders -- and some of the most infamous terrorist outrages including the execution of American and Belgian diplomats, the Munich Olympics massacre, the Achilles Lauro hijacking, and mass murder attacks on civilians in Lod Airport, Ma'alot, Kiryat Shemone and more.
Newsweek-MSNBC further mentions that the PLO was "created to liberate Palestine." In fact, when Arafat joined the PLO in 1964, the West Bank and Gaza were fully in Arab hands, and the PLO's primary goal (as expressly stated in its covenant) was the annihilation of Israel.
By contrast, how does Newsweek-MSNBC describe Ariel Sharon?
Sharon is "aggressive" and "ruthless." He headed "Israel's invasion of Lebanon that kills 2,000 Palestinian refugees."
Is there really such a direct correlation between Sharon and the slaughter of Palestinians, as Newsweek-MSNBC implies? Newsweek-MSNBC should recall that Time Magazine got into legal hot water for making similar allegations against Sharon.
In truth, an official Israeli commission of inquiry absolved Sharon of direct responsibility for the deaths of refugees in Sabra and Shatilla. And Lebanese who served as agents of Syria at the time have recently admitted that Sharon and Israel were "set up" by Syria.
Further, Newsweek-MSNBC asserts that Sharon visited "Al Aqsa Mosque, sparking the second Palestinian intifada."
In fact, Sharon never visited the Al Aqsa Mosque; he toured the Temple Mount/Haram al-Sharif, but the mosques were not part of his visit. Furthermore, it is now common knowledge that Arafat planned his new war prior to Sharon's visit, as Al-Ayyam, the Palestinian Authority daily newspaper reported (December 6, 2000):
"Speaking at a symposium in Gaza, Palestinian Minister of Communications Imad el-Falouji confirmed that the Palestinian Authority had began preparations for the outbreak of the current intifada from the moment the Camp David talks concluded, this in accordance with instructions given by Chairman Arafat himself."
The most effective method is to write a letter in your own words. Otherwise, use the points above as a basis.
== TEXT OF NEWSWEEK/MSNBC REPORT ==
ARAFAT AND SHARON: A TALE OF TWO ENEMIES
Dating from Arafat's earliest days as a guerrilla fighter in the Palestinian movement and Sharon's controversial history as an aggressive commander in a series of Israeli wars with the Arabs, the two leaders seem to have been heading for a final confrontation.
1929: Born in Egypt. At 16 he starts smuggling arms to Palestine for use against the British and the Jews.
1948: Leaves school briefly to fight in Gaza during Arab-Israeli conflict.
1956-58: Graduates as a civil engineer. Settles in Kuwait. Forms Al Fatah with friends.
1964: Leaves Kuwait to be a revolutionary. Fatah joins PLO, a new umbrella group created to liberate Palestine.
1969: Named PLO chairman.
1974: Addresses U.N. General Assembly-the first time a non-head of state is invited.
1993: Holds secret peace talks with Yitzhak Rabin in Oslo.
1996-2000: Continues talks with Israel, but turns down Clinton-Barak peace plan.
1928: Born in Palestine.
1948-49: Heads an infantry in Israel's War of Independence.
1956-67: Fights in Sinai campaign and later in Six Day War; noticed for his military ability and ruthlessness.
1972-73: Leaves the Army for politics. Helps form Likud.
1981-82: Named Defense minister to Menachem Begin. Heads Israel's invasion of Lebanon that kills 2,000 Palestinian refugees.
1990: Speeds buildup of settlements in Palestinian territory as minister of Construction and Housing.
1998: Holds peace talks with Arafat as foreign minister.
2000: Visits Al Aqsa Mosque, sparking the second Palestinian intifada (uprising).
2001: Elected prime minister.