Nitzavim-Vayelech (Deuteronomy 29:9-31:30 )
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GOOD MORNING! Do you have a soul? Most people answer, "Yes!" Now ... do you have a body? The answer is obviously yes. Perhaps the correct answer is that a person IS a soul and has a body. If we realize that our essence is spiritual - and eternal - it puts a whole different spin on life. We need to be concerned about our bodies and our health and make our every effort to sustain them, but the real importance is the soul, because that is our true self. Yom Kippur is about the soul.
Throughout the year we either bring merit to the soul or sully the soul through our actions and behavior. The 613 mitzvot of the Torah are there to help each of us develop our soul and perfect it. From the beginning of the Hebrew month of Elul through Yom Kippur we introspect, review the year and our interactions with the Almighty and our fellow human beings. We work on repairing what needs repairing. Yom Kippur is the culmination.
The Torah gives us special mitzvot, commandments, for Yom Kippur to help
us see more clearly that we are souls and to help us relate to life on a
soul level. The Torah states:
"This shall be an eternal decree: In the seventh month [counting from the month of Nissan] on the tenth of the month you shall afflict yourselves and all manner of work you shall not do, neither the native born nor the convert amongst you ... before the Almighty you shall be purified." (Leviticus 16:29-30)
These "afflictions" are ways for us to minimize the body's control over our lives. What are they? There are five "afflictions" on Yom Kippur (from before sunset Wednesday, October 12th until nighttime - when the stars come out - Thursday evening, October 13th) - we are prohibited from:
- wearing leather shoes
- marital relations
- anointing the skin with salves and oils
- washing for pleasure
By negating the body we give preeminence to the soul. Life is a constant battle - between the yetzer tov (the desire to do the right thing, which is identified with the soul) and yetzer hora (the desire to follow your desires, which corresponds with the body). The Talmud compares the body to a horse and the soul (neshama) to a rider. It is always better to have the rider on top of the horse - to have the rider controlling the horse and not the horse controlling where the rider is going!
Jewish tradition teaches that on Yom Kippur the yetzer hora, the desire to follow your desires, is dead. If we follow our desires, it is only out of habit. On Yom Kippur we can break our habits! Here are three questions to think about on Yom Kippur to help you develop your life plan:
- Am I eating to live or living to eat?
- If you're eating to live, then what are you living for?
- What would I like written in my obituary or on my tombstone?
Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, is the anniversary of the day Moshe brought down from Mount Sinai the second set of Ten Commandments. This signified that the Almighty forgave the Jewish people for the transgression of the Golden Calf. For all times this day was decreed to be a day of forgiveness for our mistakes. However, this refers to transgressions against the Almighty. Transgressions against our fellow man require us to correct our mistakes and seek forgiveness. If one took from another person, it is not enough to regret and ask the Almighty for forgiveness; first, one must return what was taken and ask for forgiveness from the person and then ask for forgiveness from the Almighty.
In the prayer service we say the Viduy, a confession, and the Al Chet, a list of transgressions between man and God and between man and man. It is interesting to note two things. First, the transgressions are listed in alphabetical order (in Hebrew). This not only makes a comprehensive list, but gives a framework to include whatever transgression you wish to include under the proper letter.
Secondly, the Viduy and Al Chet are stated in the plural. This teaches us that we are one people and that we are responsible for each other. Even if we did not commit a particular offense, we carry a certain measure of responsibility for those who transgressed - especially if we could have prevented the transgression.
The Rambam, Maimonides, teaches that each individual's life is always on a balance - like the old-time scales where the weights were put on one side and the produce on the other side - and that each of us should think before doing an action that this transgression or that this mitzvah (commandment) could tip the scales.
Likewise, Rambam teaches that each community, each country and ultimately the world is judged in the same manner. Thus, an individual should not only think that his transgression or fulfillment of a mitzvah tips the scale for him alone, but may very well tip the scale for all of mankind!
On Yom Kippur we read the Book of Jonah. The lesson from the story is that God readily accepts the repentance of anyone who sincerely desires to do Teshuva, to return to the Almighty and to the path of the Torah - just as He did with the people of Ninveh.
There is still time to get a copy of the Rosh Hashana / Yom Kippur Survival Kit to get a better understanding of the holiday, the prayers, the prayer services and the opportunity that is afforded to you to grow in spirituality, to come closer to the Almighty, to perfect yourself and to perfect the world! It is available at your local Jewish bookstore, at judaicaenterprises.com or by calling toll-free to 877-758-3242.
Yom Kippur begins Wednesday evening, October 12th (Yizkor is on Thursday, the 13th). By the way, if you wish to keep focussed that you are a soul and not a body, train yourself to say "My body is hungry" and not "I am hungry"!
May you have a meaningful Yom Kippur and a sweet and healthy year!
For more on "Yom Kippur" go to ShabbatShalomAudio.com!
Torah Portion of the Week
Vayelech begins with Moshe passing the torch of leadership to Yehoshua (Joshua). Moshe then gives Yehoshua a command/blessing which applies to every Jewish leader:
"Be strong and brave. Do not be afraid or feel insecure before them. God your Lord is the One who is going with you, and He will not fail you nor forsake you."
Moshe writes the entire Torah and gives it to the Cohanim and Elders. He then commands that in the future at the end of the Shmita (Sabbatical Year) the king should gather all the people during Succot festival and read to them the Torah so
"... that they will hear and learn and fear the Lord your God and be careful to perform all the words of the Torah."
The Almighty describes in a short paragraph the course of Jewish history (that's starting from Deuteronomy 31:16 for the curious). Lastly, before Moshe goes to "sleep with his forefathers," he assembles the people to teach them the song of Ha'azinu, the next weekly Torah portion, to remind them of the consequences of turning against the Almighty.
based on Growth Through Torah by Rabbi Zelig Pliskin
The Torah states:
"And now write for you this song." (Deuteronomy 31:19)
This verse contains the last commandment in the order of the Torah, which is to write a Torah scroll. The Chofetz Chaim noted that this mitzvah comes right after the verse which states that the Almighty will hide His presence from the people because of their transgressions. The reason this commandment follows the previous verse is to teach us that even in times of darkness and destruction, when one engages in Torah study one will find much light and consolation.
CANDLE LIGHTING - October 7:
(or go to http://www.aish.com/shabbat/candlelighting.asp)
Chicago 6:02 Guatemala 5:28 Hong Kong 5:47
Honolulu 5:54 J'Burg 5:52 London 6:05
Los Angeles 6:10 Melbourne 6:08 Mexico City 6:04
Miami 6:42 Moscow 5:32 New York 6:10
Singapore 6:38 Toronto 5:29
QUOTE OF THE WEEK:
One who only waits for his ship to come in
has already missed the boat.
In Loving Memory of